Virtually everyone in the world has heard of them and probably has an idea of what they represent. Most of us were even tested while growing up, some on multiple occasions, only to be given a certain number on which we based how smart we are. IQ tests have been around more for than a century and they are generally used to measure the intellectual capabilities and potential of human beings. But do they accurately measure one’s intelligence and does the number actually represent how smart somebody is?
There is a lot surrounding the IQ tests that an average person is not sure about. How can a bunch of seemingly random tests and problems determine a person’s intellectual framework and what if they are not concentrated, rested, or trying hard enough to perform well? To his and many other questions we try to give answers in this article. If you have wondered whether or not an IQ test is capable of accurately measuring one’s intelligence, you came to the right place. In addition, in case you want to learn more about the test itself and see how you will do, make sure to check out iq-global-test.com.
What Is It?
Before we determine if it is accurate or not, we have to talk about what it even represents. An intelligence quotient, or IQ for short, is the total score that a person gets after they have finished a series of standardized tests that are made to evaluate the intelligence of humans as best as possible. The term “IQ” has been in use since 1912 and historically, it is obtained after dividing the mental age score of a person. This score is however obtained after the intelligence test. The result is multiplied by 100 and that is the final IQ score. Two-thirds of the world’s population have theirs between 85 and 115, with only 2.5% of all humans having it higher than 130 and lower than 70. Above 130 is considered superior, between 120 and 129 is superior, 110 to 119 is a high average, 90 to 109 is average, 80 to 80 is low average, 70 to 79 is borderline, and 69 and below is considered an intellectual disability.
Over the years, there have been many factors identified as important for the final outcome of the test. Nutrition, socioeconomic status of the parents, health, and the environment all have a direct effect on the individual’s ability to solve the tests which is why the accuracy has been debated for decades. Although the scores are frequently used for placement in academic circumstances and determination of intellectual disabilities, many people still doubt them. They have even been the criteria for job applicants and predictors of performance at work and the earned income. For example, not everyone is equally capable of the same skills nor do all of us have the same memory skills and processing speeds. The reasoning is different among people and so is the visual and spatial processing, all crucial for the tests.
Can They Measure Intelligence?
As we already stated, the validity and accuracy of IQ tests are questionable and the more you think about it the harder the answer to the titular question seems to be. In reality, they are valid measures of a person’s intelligence but only when they are carried out and interpreted correctly. Since they measure a variety of different skills through the solving of various problems, including memory, reasoning, verbal comprehension, the tests appear to be the logical way of determining how well-equipped somebody’s mind is.
In reality, experts and scientists believe that the IQ tests as we know them and use them today are still lacking and are actually not well equipped to give us meaningful and useful scores for the separate abilities they are testing. The only way they should be interpreted and understood is when measuring the general intelligence and capabilities of the person. But this is the exact problem because how can something be accurate if the means of calculating it does not seem to be doing its job?
Among the most stated issues with IQ tests is the fact that a person’s IQ score can change in different contexts. A discussed motivation, readiness, and even practice play a huge role so one can increase their chances at a higher score by doing enough tests and learning the ropes of how they operate. If one tries less, they will not score high and others will deem them unintelligent for years. In much the same way, if it is your first time and you are motivated but lack the strategies people often use to score higher, you will again come out with a lot score and think of yourself as somebody with subpar intellectual capabilities.
Measurements and factors also tend to be biased to a certain degree. Some ethnic or racial groups perform worse on average on certain questions that are too specific for certain believes or cultures but are at the same time taken as a standard. This type of bias is present less and less however as the makers of tests actively remove the questions ad problems of this nature. Still, though, it is the belief of many experts from the psychology field that a lot of tests are linguistically, economically, and culturally biased against minorities, especially Black and Hispanic peoples.
Conclusion and Takeaways
As you can see, IQ tests can be a truly sensitive and difficult subject to discuss because there is so much around them that seems wrong. All in all, they are a good enough idea but mankind’s practice and reasoning for using them seem to be the problem. If they were used for the right occasions and without bias, they would indeed help us understand the intelligence and mind power of individuals. This would then be used to help them achieve their true selves and guide them towards their talents and passions. However, more research needs to take place and the general idea of IQ tests has to change before that happens. Until then, it can be said that they do not accurately measure the intelligence of persons taking them.